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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Control of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, Mont., in Ohio found in the catalog.

Control of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, Mont., in Ohio

J. B. Polivka

Control of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, Mont., in Ohio

by J. B. Polivka

  • 152 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station in Wooster, Ohio .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Chinch-bugs -- Control -- Ohio

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJ.B. Polivka
    SeriesResearch circular / Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station -- 122, Research circular (Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station) -- 122
    The Physical Object
    Pagination7, [1] p. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15228440M

      Only hairy chinch bug (blissus leucopterus hirtus) occurs in Canada and is found from Ontario eastward. The chinch bug is a true bug, meaning it is a member of the order Hemiptera. Bugs are characterized by half wings, piercing-sucking mouth parts and a three stage life cycle (eggs-nymphs-adults). four are considered damaging to turfgrass, including the buffalograss chinch bug, (B. occiduus Barber); common chinch bug, [B. leucopterus leucopterus (Say)]; hairy chinch bug, (B. l. hirtus Montandon); and southern chinch bug, (B. insularis) (Brandenburg and Villani , Sweet ). Blissus occiduus is a serious pest of buffalograss in Arizona.

    Grass species composition and thatch thickness were important pred ictors of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus Montandon, presence in home lawns (Davis and Smitley ). Taller grass can buffer against extreme temperatures and increase the searching area for natural enemies (Carstens et al. , Joseph and Br aman ). PAGE   Native to North America, chinch bugs (Blissus leucopterus spp.) are occasional insect pests that possess the capability to wipe out cultivated grass crops, especially corn and grain bugs can be found from the East Coast to the Western Plains states. Broadleaf plants such as soybeans are naturally immune to feeding damage from chinch bugs.

    The chinch bug can be a major insect pest on lawns as well as parks, industrial parks, and cemeteries in Massachusetts. The hairy chinch bug (Blissus hirtus), the most common species in the Northeast, prefers ryegrass and fescues but will attack many other lawn grasses as well. ?st=UF%26ix=pm%26I=0%26V=D%26pm=1.


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Control of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, Mont., in Ohio by J. B. Polivka Download PDF EPUB FB2

Control of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, Mont., in Ohio (Research circular / Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station) [J. B Polivka] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : J.

B Polivka. Buy Control of hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, Mont., in Ohio (Research circular / Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station) by J. B Polivka (ISBN:) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : J. B Polivka. The chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus, is found through much of the eastern United States and southern Canada, west to about the Rocky r, it is absent from the Gulf Coast region, where it is replaced by a closely related species, the southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber.

The two species have overlapping ranges in portions of the southern states. Hairy Chinch Bug. Blissus leucopterus hirtus Montandon. The hairy chinch bugs and related species are found in the southern Canada (from the east coast to the western plains).

Sincethey have caused severe damage to Ontario lawns. Bionomics of the chinch bug. U.S. Department Agricultural Bureau Entomological Bulletin No. 14 pp. McColloch JW; Yuasa H, A parasite of the chinch bug egg. Journal of Economic Entomology, Ramoska WA, The influence of relative humidity on Beauveria bassiana infectivity and replication in the chinch bug (Blissus.

Mexico, and Hawaii. The hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus (Montandon), is a serious pest of cool season turfgrasses. Preferred hosts are fine fescues, perennial ryegrasses, bluegrasses, bentgrass and zoysiagrass. These grasses are also susceptible to damage by the common chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus leucopterus.

The physical. The chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus, is found through much of the eastern United States and southern Canada, west to about the Rocky Mountains. However, it is absent from the Gulf Coast region, where it is replaced by a closely related species, the southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber.

Biotic control agents which feed on the southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber, in Florida were investigated from A scelionid egg parasite, Eumicrosoma benefica Gahan. How to Control: Maintaining a healthy lawn with proper watering and fertilization is usually enough to tolerate a subsatantial population of chinch bugs without damage.

There are even newer grass varieties that are resistant to chinch bugs. If the damage is beyond cultural control a targeted application of insect control will wipe out the.

and Blissus insularis Barber (Reinert ) in the USA, and may be an important factor in the natural control of chinch bug populations. Although the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. has been found to cause natural epizootics in populations of Blissus leucopterus in the USA (Kruger et al.

), chinch bugs naturally. A total of 23 eggs were parasitized on two different occasions. The egg parasite Eumicrosoma benefica Gahan has been reported as a natural enemy of Blissus leucopterus (McColloch & Yuasa ) and Blissus insularis Barber (Reinert ) in the USA, and may be an important factor in the natural control of chinch bug populations.

Immature chinch bugs are bright orange in color. Their bodies darken as they age until they become black as adults. Chinch bugs can be found across the southern United States. If you suspect you have chinch bugs, read the next part of our 4-part chinch bug guide to learn how to do a chinch bug test on your lawn.

Click the right arrow below to. Chinch bugs (blissus leucopterus) may be small in size, but they can do massive damage to your lawn. These miniscule bugs—adults are only about 1/6 of an inch long—feed on the stems of turf grass.

Hairy Chinch Bugs: prefer northern turfgrasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, and fescues. Chinch Bug Signs and Symptoms. Blissus leucopterus also known as the true chinch bug is a small North American insect in the order Hemiptera and family Blissidae.

It is the most commonly encountered member of the genus Blissus, which are all known as chinch bugs.A closely related species is Blissus insularis, the southern chinch bug. The name of the chinch bug is derived from the Spanish word : Blissidae.

Studies examined hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus, damage, population density, and movement in stands of perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, containing various proportions of endophyte infected plants (E+). Our main objective was to determine the utility of mixtures containing E+ for management of chinch bugs.

Chinch bug damage and population density Cited by: Studies examined hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus Montandon, damage, population density, and movement in stands of perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L., containing various proportions. Nosema blissi sp.

is described from the Malpighian tubules of adults of Blissus leucopterus measured ± × ± μm in Giemsa-stained preparations. The polar filament lay in 37 to 40 coils, arranged in a single layer in the posterior portion of the spore, and in several layers in the anterior by: hairy chinch bug is distributed through eastern Canada and the northeastern United States as far south as Virginia and west to Minnesota.

The Buffalograss chinch bug, Blissus sp,is a common pest on Buffalograss and resembles the hairy chinch bug. Description and Life History:Adult chinch bugs are black with white wings and are mm long. Some. Chinch bug, (Blissus leucopterus), important grain and corn pest belonging to the insect family Lygaeidae (order Heteroptera).

Though a native of tropical America, the chinch bug has extended its range to include much of North is a small bug, not more than 5 mm ( inch) long. The adult is black with red legs; the white forewings have a black spot near the.

The hairy chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus hirtus Montandon, is the most commonly encountered pest of northern turfgrasses though the common chinch bug, Blissus leucopterus leucopterus Say, is occasionally found.

These closely related pests are very difficult to separate in the field and most people identify them by locality and type of food plants.

Nymph (left), and the short-winged (center) and long-winged adult forms of the southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber. Photograph by R.H. Cherry, University of Florida. The adult form of the southern chinch bug has a black body measuring about 6 mm in length (Wilson ). The wings are white with a black spot on the margins of the.Infection of adult chinch bugs, Blissus leucopterus leucopterus, from Beauveria bassiana conidia contained in soil was investigated in the laboratory under controlled temperature and moisture conditions.

Chinch bug infection was related positively to the concentration of B. bassiana in soil. Soil moisture did not significantly affect the initiation of infections at 20°C, but Cited by: Stunted, yellow, wilting, and dying plants are all symptoms of chinch bug injury.

Damaging populations of chinch bugs that develop in grain and forage systems are nearly impossible to control. Conservation tillage systems enhance chinch bug problems in grains. Chinch bugs are typically more of a problem in dry years. Life Cycle.